Censorship
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A Clockwork Orange is a 1971 dystopian crime film based on Anthony Burgess' novel of the same name, directed by Stanley Kubrick, produced by Polaris Productions, Hawk Films and distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures (US), Columbia-Warner Distributors (UK). The movie was released on 19 December 1971. It was banned in several countries. The original version of the film had an X rating, but was changed to R due to explicit content.

Censorship[]

Argentinian censorship[]

Brazilian censorship[]

  • The film initially was banned in Brazil during the military government for obscenity and "promiscuous content" until 1978, when an edited version version with black polka dots covering the breasts and genitals of the actors in the nude scenes was made available in the South American country.

British censorship[]

  • Although it was passed uncut for UK cinemas in December 1971, British authorities considered the sexual violence in the film to be extreme. In March 1972, when a 14-year-old boy was under trial for the manslaughter of a classmate, the prosecutor referred to A Clockwork Orange, implying that the film was macabrely relevant to the case. The film was linked to the murder of an elderly vagrant by a 16-year-old in Bletchley, Buckinghamshire, who pleaded guilty after he told police that friends had told him of the film "and the beating up of an old boy like this one". Roger Gray, for the defence, told the court that "the link between this crime and sensational literature, particularly A Clockwork Orange, is established beyond reasonable doubt". The film was withdrawn from its British release in 1973 by Warner Bros. at request of Stanley Kubrick, after he heard the allegations that the film was responsible for copycat violence[2]. He stated that:

"To try and fasten any responsibility on art as the cause of life seems to me to put the case the wrong way around. Art consists of reshaping life, but it does not create life, nor cause life. Furthermore, to attribute powerful suggestive qualities to a film is at odds with the scientifically accepted view that, even after deep hypnosis in a posthypnotic state, people cannot be made to do things which are at odds with their natures".

Christiane Kubrick, the director's wife, even said that the family was target of threats, with protestors outside their home.

Canadian censorship[]

  • The Canadian provinces of Alberta and Nova Scotia originally banned the film, but the bans were quickly reversed.

Irish censorship[]

  • The film was banned in Ireland due to its disturbing and sexual content; the ban was not lifted until 1999.

Maltese censorship[]

  • The film was banned in Malta due to the the novel on which the film was based being banned in the island for obscenity[3]; the ban was not lifted until 2000. The film was brought up during the compilation of evidence on the rape and murder of Polish national Paulina Dembska in Sliema, on 2 January 2022, as Abner Aquilina - the accused attacker - compared himself to Alex DeLarge during police interrogation.

Singaporean censorship[]

  • The film was banned in Singapore due to its disturbing and sexual content; the film ban was not lifted until 2006.

South African censorship[]

  • The film was banned in South Africa due to its disturbing and sexual content; the ban was not lifted until 1984. Though when it released one censorship cut was made to the film, available for people over the age of 21.

South Korean censorship[]

  • South Korea originally banned the film, but the film's ban was quickly reversed.

Spanish censorship[]

  • Spain banned the film in 1975 after the University of Valladolid (where the film was scheduled to be shown) closed for two months due to student protests during the 1975 Valladolid International Film Festival. The final screenings were in the commercial festival venues, with long queues of waiting students. After the festival, the film went into the arthouse circuit and later in commercial cinemas successfully.

Where to find it uncensored[]

Every other country has had it uncensored, and now the film is uncensored everywhere except South Africa.

The film is available in the United Kingdom after the director's death in 1999.

References[]

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